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The Evaluation of Joint Trauma

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The Evaluation of Joint Trauma

The Chiro.Org Blog

We would all like to thank Dr. Richard C. Schafer, DC, PhD, FICC for his lifetime commitment to the profession. In the future we will continue to add materials from RC’s copyrighted books for your use.

This is Chapter 1 from RC’s best-selling book:

“Upper Extremity Technic”

These materials are provided as a service to our profession. There is no charge for individuals to copy and file these materials. However, they cannot be sold or used in any group or commercial venture without written permission from ACAPress.

Chapter 1   The Evaluation of Joint Trauma

Profiling disorders of the musculoskeletal system begins with a complete history and physical examination. A detailed history that covers the patient’s present ailment, clinical history, birth circumstances, and family background are inevitably significant.

The physical examination of a distressed joint generally includes inspection, bony palpation, soft-tissue palpation, determining the passive and active range of motion, testing muscle integrity and strength, testing superficial and deep reflexes, and investigating associated areas. Other investigative procedures are employed as necessary for the clinical picture at hand.


One function of joints is to transmit stress when stabilized by musculature. This stabilization is necessary so that muscles can achieve their maximum leverage for motion. Joints are usually overstressed from a direct blow leading to connective-tissue contusion and possible intra-articular fracture.

A slipped growth plate may occur in the young. The blow is often an unexpected one where protective mechanisms have not been put in force, or it may be so excessive that protective mechanisms fail. This is because the stability of synovial joints is primarily established by action of surrounding musculature.

Common Signs and Symptoms

Review the complete Chapter (including sketches and Tables)
at the
ACAPress website

About the Author:

I was introduced to Chiro.Org in early 1996, where my friend Joe Garolis helped me learn HTML, the "mark-up language" for websites. We have been fortunate that journals like JMPT have given us permission to reproduce some early important articles in Full-Text format. Maintaining the Org website has been, and remains, my favorite hobby.

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