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Monthly Archives: April 2012


The Difference Between Scientific Evidence And The Scientific Method

By |April 23, 2012|Legal Issues|

Source Litigation and Trial

Scientists, even those in the “hard” sciences that are based primarily on empirical observations and mathematical analysis, have their own dogmas, prejudices, incentives, and conventions. That’s of course not to say that science is bad or wrong or useless — the only reason you can read this on your computers is because thousands of scientists over the years came to exactly the right conclusions about electricity, metallurgy, chemistry, mathematics, quantum theory, and information theory — but just to admit the obvious, which is that scientists are people and science happens under many of the same constraints as every other social endeavor. As much as we’d like to trust scientists as objective experts whose assertions should be accepted ipse dixit (a phrase that dates back to Pythagorus and is today routinely used by lawyers trying to discredit their opponent’s expert), the truth is that courts shouldn’t be afraid to look at scientists as people and evaluate them accordingly.

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Use It or Lose It: Dancing Makes You Smarter

By |April 22, 2012|Neurology, Wellness|

Use It or Lose It: Dancing Makes You Smarter

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Richard Powers

For centuries, dance manuals and other writings have lauded the health benefits of dancing, usually as physical exercise. More recently we’ve seen research on further health benefits of dancing, such as stress reduction and increased serotonin level, with its sense of well-being.

Then most recently we’ve heard of another benefit: Frequent dancing apparently makes us smarter. A major study added to the growing evidence that stimulating one’s mind can ward off Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia, much as physical exercise can keep the body fit. Dancing also increases cognitive acuity at all ages.

You may have heard about the New England Journal of Medicine report on the effects of recreational activities on mental acuity in aging. Here it is in a nutshell.

The 21-year study of senior citizens, 75 and older, was led by the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, funded by the National Institute on Aging, and published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Their method for objectively measuring mental acuity in aging was to monitor rates of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. (more…)

B Vitamins Slows the Rate of Brain Atrophy in Mild Cognitive Impairment

By |April 17, 2012|Health Promotion, Supplementation, Wellness Care|

B Vitamins Slows the Rate of Brain Atrophy
in Mild Cognitive Impairment

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   PLoS One. 2010 (Sep 8); 5 (9): e12244

Smith AD, Smith SM, de Jager CA, Whitbread P, Johnston C, Agacinski G, Oulhaj A, Bradley KM, Jacoby R, Refsum H

Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

The Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing (OPTIMA) published the results of a key aspect of their study in the online journal Public Library of Science ONE in 2010. In this arm of the study, they investigated the effect of B-vitamin supplementation on various parameters of brain aging and associated cognitive function. The study group consisted of 168 individuals over the age of 70 with mild cognitive impairment.

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Vitamin B Complex

The treatment group was given daily supplementation of the following B vitamins: folic acid (800 mcg), vitamin B12 (500 mcg) and vitamin B6 (20 mg). The main outcome measured was change in rate of whole brain atrophy on MRI investigation after 24 months of supplementation compared to the placebo group.

Study results showed that the group taking the B-vitamin cocktail experienced a 30-percent slower rate of brain atrophy, on average, and in some cases patients experienced reductions as high as 53 percent. Greater rates of atrophy were associated with lower cognitive test scores.

The authors also observed that, in the control group, the the degree of atrophy was directly related to elevated homocysteine levels.


Maintaining a Vitalistic Perspective in Chiropractic in the Postmodern Era

By |April 16, 2012|Chiropractic Care, Philosophy|

Maintaining a Vitalistic Perspective in Chiropractic in the Postmodern Era

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   J Chiropractic Humanities 2005; 12: 2-7

By Cheryl Hawk, DC, PhD, CHES

Professor and Director of Clinical Research
at Logan College of Chiropractic

Objectives: To discuss concepts of postmodernism with respect to the opposing worldviews of vitalism and mechanism, and to present an argument for a viable role for vitalism in chiropractic philosophy and research.

Discussion: Vitalism is only problematic if we begin with the assumption that a mechanist worldview or paradigm is the correct way to explain the world. In postmodern thought, a multiplicity of worldviews may coexist. One view is no more valid or correct than another and these divergent views are judged best by their utility under various circumstances. Exploring clinical practices and methodologies, such as whole systems research, arising from a vitalistic perspective could lead to innovations in both patient care and research, if pursued with flexible non-dogmatic thinking.

Conclusion: Vitalism, approached in a responsible and intelligent manner, may afford the chiropractic profession opportunities to further improve patient care and make contributions to new knowledge.


The 2003, the World Federation of Chiropractic conference convened a panel to address this question: “Is vitalism a strong foundation or quicksand for the chiropractic profession?” As one of the panelists, in order to address what I believed this question was really asking, it was necessary to first deconstruct the question, that is, to examine its underlying assumption. [1]

This underlying assumption is that a mechanist worldview or paradigm is the correct way to explain the world. Based on this assumption, anything that does not fit this worldview would be a potential threat to our profession’s credibility and, therefore, must be modified to fit this view or jettisoned. Vitalism, which entails a different way of perceiving the world, poses such a threat.

This assumption must be examined rather than simply accepted. Only then will it be possible to make a conscious choice of which worldview we want to function within and then thoughtfully and responsibly adhere to the principles of that worldview.



Chiropractic and Health Care Reform: An Uncertain Future or an Opportunity?

By |April 10, 2012|Health Care Reform|

Chiropractic and Health Care Reform:
An Uncertain Future or an Opportunity?

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Dynamic Chiropractic

By Claire Johnson, DC, MSEd and
Lori Byrd, MS

The United States is currently experiencing a health care crisis. Much of the current health care system focuses limited resources on the treatment of disease, and very few resources are aimed at primary and secondary prevention.

Although 70 percent of factors influencing health are environmental and behavioral, and only 10 percent of the factors attributed to health are associated with access to health care, the actual reimbursement for health services accounts for 96 percent of the $2.3 trillion spent each year. [1] Thus, we need to take a closer look at health care reform and how doctors of chiropractic will approach this changing landscape.

In March 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was law signed into law. The intention of the act is to put “in place comprehensive health insurance reforms that will hold insurance companies more accountable, lower health care costs, guarantee more health care choices, and enhance the quality of health care for all Americans.” [2] However, it is not exactly clear how this will be done or if the promised goals will be met, especially during this time of reduced funding and economic crises.

Chiropractic is one of the largest complementary and alternative medicine professions, and one of the largest licensed health care professions in the United States. [3-4] It is considered to be a holistic and wellness-oriented profession, traditionally not using drugs or surgery to help patients maintain health. Care typically incorporates wellness, lifestyle and prevention approaches with patient management, and focuses on the body’s natural ability to heal itself. Services provided by doctors of chiropractic have demonstrated high patient satisfaction, cost-effectiveness and parity compared to other types of care for similar conditions. (more…)

Chronic Spinal Pain and the Role of Spinal Manipulation

By |April 10, 2012|Chiropractic Care, Chronic Pain, Evidence-based Medicine, Health Promotion, Spinal Manipulation|

Spinal Manipulative Therapy and Its Role in the Prevention, Treatment and Management of Chronic Pain

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   J Canadian Chiro Assoc 2012 (Mar); 56 (1): 5-7

Dr. John Srbely DC, PhD

Assistant Professor,
Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences,
University of Guelph.
CCRF Professorship in Spine Mechanics and Human Neurophysiology
College of Biological Sciences,
University of Guelph

Chronic pain is a worldwide epidemic. It is characterized as “pain that persists beyond normal tissue healing time” [1] and is physiologically distinct from acute nociceptive pain. The current research estimates the prevalence of chronic pain in the general population to be anywhere from 10–55%, [2] predominantly affecting the adult population. Studies indicate that the prevalence of chronic pain in the over-60 age group is double that for younger adults. [3] Furthermore, over 80% of elderly (over 65) adults suffer from some form of painful chronic joint disease [4] and greater than 85% of the general population will experience some form of chronic myofascial pain during their lifetime. [5]

Chronic pain has substantial impact on sufferers, often citing significant impairments in physical, social and psychological function. [6] Many patients suffer from progressive health and physical deterioration owing to sleep and appetite disturbances, anxiety, depression, decreased physical energy and activity as well as excessive use of medication. [6] Chronic pain often leads to social withdrawal, impaired personal relationships and job loss. [1] Recent estimates suggest that 50–85% of adults report some degree of pain that may interfere with daily activities and quality of life. [7]

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Chronic Neck Pain and Chiropractic Page

Chronic pain sufferers are five times more likely to utilize health care services than non-pain sufferers. [8] Conservative figures estimate that the annual cost of managing chronic pain in the United States currently exceeds $40 billion annually. [9] Of greatest concern is the fact that the ratio of the over-65:under-65 segments of the population is projected to double by 2050, [10] promising to make chronic pain one of healthcare’s foremost challenges in the future.

Aging population (more…)