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Could High Insulin Make You Fat? Mouse Study Says Yes

Home/Nutrition/Could High Insulin Make You Fat? Mouse Study Says Yes

Source Science Daily

Animals with persistently lower insulin stay trim even as they indulge themselves on a high-fat, all-you-can-eat buffet.

When we eat too much, obesity may develop as a result of chronically high insulin levels, not the other way around. That’s according to new evidence in mice reported in the December 4th Cell Metabolism, a Cell Press publication, which challenges the widespread view that rising insulin is a secondary consequence of obesity and insulin resistance.

The new study helps to solve this chicken-or-the-egg dilemma by showing that animals with persistently lower insulin stay trim even as they indulge themselves on a high-fat, all-you-can-eat buffet. The findings come as some of the first direct evidence in mammals that circulating insulin itself drives obesity, the researchers say.

The results are also consistent with clinical studies showing that long-term insulin use by people with diabetes tends to come with weight gain, says James Johnson of the University of British Columbia.

“We are very inclined to think of insulin as either good or bad, but it’s neither,” Johnson said. “This doesn’t mean anyone should stop taking insulin; there are nuances and ranges at which insulin levels are optimal.”

Johnson and his colleagues took advantage of a genetic quirk in mice: that they have two insulin genes. Insulin1 shows up primarily in the pancreas and insulin2 in the brain, in addition to the pancreas. By eliminating insulin2 altogether and varying the number of good copies of insulin1, the researchers produced mice that varied only in their fasting blood insulin levels. When presented with high-fat food, those with one copy and lower fasting insulin were completely protected from obesity even without any loss of appetite. They also enjoyed lower levels of inflammation and less fat in their livers, too.

Those differences traced to a “reprogramming” of the animals’ fat tissue to burn and waste more energy in the form of heat. In other words, the mice had white fat that looked and acted more like the coveted, calorie-burning brown fat most familiar for keeping babies warm.

Johnson says it isn’t clear what the findings might mean in the clinic just yet, noting that drugs designed to block insulin have been shown to come with unwanted side effects. But, he added, “there are ways to eat and diets that keep insulin levels lower or that allow insulin levels to return to a healthy baseline each day.”

Unfortunately, constant snacking is probably not the answer.

By |December 30, 2012|Nutrition|2 Comments

About the Author:

Dr Wiens created the very first chiropractic information page on the web in Nov 1994. In 1995 he joined chiro.org as chief designer. He lives in Canada.

2 Comments

  1. Russell Berg DC December 30, 2012 at 8:44 pm

    Sugars will cause an insulin spike, which can help in the absorption of the amino acids and put the body into an anabolic state which helps weight lifting or body-building. The more lean muscle tissue also helps with burning fat.

  2. Woodbury Chiropractor January 15, 2013 at 6:58 pm

    Most people are in a constant sugar burning mode therefore their bodies tend to use muscle tissue for energy leading to increase in blood sugar and a rise in insulin.

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