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Daily Archives: December 25, 2013

A Randomised Controlled Trial of Preventive Spinal Manipulation With and Without a Home Exercise Program For Patients With Chronic Neck Pain

By |December 25, 2013|Chiropractic Care, Chronic Pain, Evidence-based Medicine|

A Randomised Controlled Trial of Preventive Spinal Manipulation With and Without a Home Exercise Program For Patients With Chronic Neck Pain

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SOURCE:   BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2011 (Feb 8);   12:   41

Johanne Martel, Claude Dugas, Jean-Daniel Dubois, and Martin Descarreaux

Département de Chiropratique,
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières,
Trois-Rivières G9A 5H7, Canada.


Background:   Evidence indicates that supervised home exercises, combined or not with manual therapy, can be beneficial for patients with non-specific chronic neck pain (NCNP). The objective of the study is to investigate the efficacy of preventive spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) compared to a no treatment group in NCNP patients. Another objective is to assess the efficacy of SMT with and without a home exercise program.

Methods:   Ninety-eight patients underwent a short symptomatic phase of treatment before being randomly allocated to either an attention-group (n = 29), a SMT group (n = 36) or a SMT + exercise group (n = 33). The preventive phase of treatment, which lasted for 10 months, consisted of meeting with a chiropractor every two months to evaluate and discuss symptoms (attention-control group), 1 monthly SMT session (SMT group) or 1 monthly SMT session combined with a home exercise program (SMT + exercise group). The primary and secondary outcome measures were represented by scores on a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS), active cervical ranges of motion (cROM), the neck disability index (NDI) and the Bournemouth questionnaire (BQ). Exploratory outcome measures were scored on the Fear-avoidance Behaviour Questionnaire (FABQ) and the SF-12 Questionnaire.

Results:   Our results show that, in the preventive phase of the trial, all 3 groups showed primary and secondary outcomes scores similar to those obtain following the non-randomised, symptomatic phase. No group difference was observed for the primary, secondary and exploratory variables. Significant improvements in FABQ scores were noted in all groups during the preventive phase of the trial. However, no significant change in health related quality of life (HRQL) was associated with the preventive phase.

There are more articles like this @ our:

Chronic Neck Pain and Chiropractic Page and our

Maintenance Care, Wellness and Chiropractic Page

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