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Daily Archives: March 3, 2015

Is There a Role for Neck Manipulation in Elderly Falls Prevention? – An Overview

By |March 3, 2015|Vertigo|

Is There a Role for Neck Manipulation in
Elderly Falls Prevention? – An Overview

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2015 (Mar);   59 (1):   53–63 ~ FULL TEXT

Julie C. Kendall, BAppSc, MClinChiro [1]
Jan Hartvigsen, DC, PhD [2]
Simon D. French, BAppSc(Chiro), MPH, PhD [3]
Michael F. Azari, BAppSc(Chiro), BSc(Hons), PhD* [1,4]

1 Discipline of Chiropractic, School of Health Sciences,
RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

2 Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics,
University of Southern Denmark and Nordic Institute of
Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense, Denmark

3 School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queens University,
Kingston, Canada

4 Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University,
Melbourne, Australia

Many risk factors exist for falls in the elderly. Dizziness is an important risk factor for such falls. Spinal pain has also been identified as a risk factor for these falls. In this overview of the literature, we examine studies, including trials, of neck manipulation for neck pain, unsteadiness and falls risk relevant to the elderly. We also examine two related, but not mutually exclusive, mechanisms through which a putative beneficial effect may be mediated. These are the effects of neck manipulation on neck pain and on non-specific dizziness. We focus on the available evidence primarily in terms of clinical data rather than laboratory-based measures of balance. We conclude that chiropractors may have a role in falls prevention strategies in the subpopulation of the elderly that suffer from mechanical neck pain or dysfunction and non-specific dizziness. However, this role remains to be rigorously studied and properly defined.

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