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Daily Archives: February 5, 2016

An Investigation of Musculoskeletal Dysfunctions in Infants

By |February 5, 2016|Pediatrics|

An Investigation of Musculoskeletal Dysfunctions in Infants Including a Case Series of KISS Diagnosed Children

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SOURCE:   J Clin Chiro Peds 2012 (Jun); 13 (1): 958–967

Josefa Langkau and Joyce Miller BS, DC , DABCO, FCC (UK), FEAC, FACO(US)

Josefa Langkau
34 Morley Road,
BH5 2JL, Bournemouth, United Kingdom

Joyce Miller, BS, DC, DABCO, FCC (UK), FEAC, FACO(US)
Associate Professor, Anglo-European College of Chiropractic,
Bournemouth, United Kingdom


Objective:   The purpose of this study was to describe etiology, presentation and treatment of musculoskeletal issues in early infancy by integrating a case series of infants diagnosed with kinematic imbalance due to suboccipital sprain (KISS) and treated in a teaching clinic in the United Kingdom with a critical review of the concept of KISS. The concept has been developed by Heiner Biedermann and medical doctors in Germany and contributed significantly to the development of manual therapy in
children in that country.

Methods:   A literature review was conducted. The search was focused on German studies about KISS syndrome and English studies about musculoskeletal issues in infants. Search strategy: ZDB, ZB MED and PubMed and hand search in German libraries. The data were collected by survey via a data collection system and files in the Anglo European College of Chiropractic (AECC)
teaching clinic.

Results:   The primary differences between the diagnosis and treatment recommended by Biedermann and that in the AECC clinic are 1) the recommended use of x-ray prior to treatment by Biedermann and 2) recommended force used in treatment (4 N at AECC versus 70 N with Biedermann).

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