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Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm for Acute Low Back Pain

Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm for Acute Low Back Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   JAMA. 2017 (Apr 11); 317 (14): 1451–1460

Neil M. Paige, MD, MSHS, Isomi M. Miake-Lye, BA,
Marika Suttorp Booth, MS, Jessica M. Beroes, BS,
Aram S. Mardian, MD, Paul Dougherty, DC,
Richard Branson, DC, Baron Tang, PT, DPT,
Sally C. Morton, PhD, Paul G. Shekelle, MD, PhD

West Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Medical Center,
Los Angeles, California


Commentary from the Illinois Chiropractic Society

JAMA Endorses Spinal Manipulation

For the second time in as many months, a prominent medical journal has endorsed spinal manipulation for the management of low back pain. [1]   On April 11th 2017, JAMA published a systematic review of 26 randomized clinical trials in order to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of spinal manipulation for low back pain.

The authors concluded:

“Among patients with acute low back pain, spinal manipulative therapy was associated with improvements in pain and function with only transient minor musculoskeletal harms.”

This study comes on the heels of a February 2017 Clinical Practice Guideline from the American College of Physicians recommending spinal manipulation for acute, sub-acute, and chronic low back pain (LBP). [2]

These high-quality studies in respected medical journals add to a growing list of scientific support for spinal manipulation therapy (SMT). So why are our offices not flooded with medical referrals? An editorial accompanying the JAMA study provides perspective as to why some medical providers may be reluctant to refer to chiropractic physicians:

“Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a controversial treatment option for low back pain, perhaps in part because it is most frequently administered by chiropractors. Chiropractic therapy is not widely accepted by some traditional health care practitioners. This may be, at least in part, because some early practitioners of chiropractic care rejected the germ theory, immunizations, and other scientific advances.

However, chiropractic care is popular today with the US public. According to a 2012 report, among patients with back or neck pain, approximately 30% sought care from a chiropractor. In a 2013 survey by Consumer Reports magazine involving 14,000 subscribers with low back pain, chiropractic care had the largest proportion of “highly satisfied” patients. Among approximately 4000 respondents who had seen a chiropractor, 59% were highly satisfied compared with 55% who saw a physical therapist and 34% who saw a primary care physician.

“Serious complications (related to SMT) are extremely rare… if spinal manipulation is at least as effective and as safe as conventional care, it may be an appropriate choice for patients with uncomplicated low back pain”. [3]

The emerging health care model dictates that all providers embrace proven clinically effective treatments, regardless of long-standing philosophical bias.   If we expect medical providers to advance their thinking to accept validated chiropractic therapies, we must first be willing to reciprocate. By working together to provide evidence-based patient-centric care, we can advance our profession to become the undeniable first choice for both patients and providers.


References:

  1. Paige NM, Miake-Lye IM, Booth MS, et al.
    Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm
    for Acute Low Back Pain; Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    JAMA. 2017 (Apr 11);   317 (14):   1451–1460

  2. Qaseem A, Wilt TJ, McLean RM, Forciea MA, for the Clinical Guidelines Committee
    of the American College of Physicians.
    Noninvasive Treatments for Acute, Subacute, and Chronic Low Back Pain:
    A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians

    Ann Intern Med. 2017 (Apr 4);   166 (7):   514–530

  3. Deyo RA.
    The Role of Spinal Manipulation in the Treatment of Low Back Pain.
    JAMA. 2017;   317 (14):   1418-1419

The Abstract:

There are more articles like this @ our:

Low Back Pain and Chiropractic Page

IMPORTANCE:   Acute low back pain is common and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a treatment option. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have reported different conclusions about the effectiveness of SMT.

OBJECTIVE:   To systematically review studies of the effectiveness and harms of SMT for acute (≤6 weeks) low back pain.


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