Impact of Musculoskeletal Pain on Balance and Concerns of Falling in Mobility-limited, Community-dwelling Danes over 75 Years of Age
Impact of Musculoskeletal Pain on Balance and Concerns of Falling in Mobility-limited, Community-dwelling Danes over 75 Years of Age: A Cross-sectional Study
SOURCE: Aging Clin Exp Res. 2017 (Dec 11) [Epub]
Julie C. Kendall, Lars G. Hvid, Jan Hartvigsen,
Azharuddin Fazalbhoy, Michael F. Azari,
Mathias Skjødt, Stephen R. Robinson, Paolo Caserotti
School of Health and Biomedical Sciences,
PO Box 71,
Bundoora, Melbourne, 3083, VIC, Australia.
BACKGROUND: In older adults, musculoskeletal pain is associated with increased concerns of falling, reduced balance and increased occurrence of falls. In younger adults, the intensity of neck pain and low back pain is associated with increased postural sway. It is not known if pain further impairs balance and concerns of falling in mobility-limited older adults, and if so, whether this is associated with different intensities of pain.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether mobility-limited older adults with mild or intense neck pain and/or low back pain have significantly increased postural sway as measured by centre of pressure (COP) changes and concerns of falling compared to those without pain.
METHODS: 48 older adults with a gait speed of < 0.9 m/s from Odense, Denmark were recruited through the public health service. Self-reported neck pain, low back pain, and concerns of falling were recorded on questionnaires. Sway range, velocity and area were recorded on a force plate in a comfortable standing stance. Pain intensity was rated on an 11 point numerical rating scale (0-10). Participants were sub-grouped into mild (0-4) and intense (> 5) neck pain or low back pain.
RESULTS: Intense neck pain was associated with increased anterior-posterior sway range and area of sway. Intense low back pain was associated with increased concerns of falling.
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