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The Clinical Aspects Of The Acute Facet Syndrome: Results From A Structured Discussion Among European Chiropractors

By |July 7, 2014|Acute Facet Syndrome, Chiropractic Care|

The Clinical Aspects Of The Acute Facet Syndrome: Results From A Structured Discussion Among European Chiropractors

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2009 (Feb 5);   17:   2

Lise Hestbaek, Alice Kongsted, Tue Secher Jensen,
and Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde

Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics,
Odense M, Denmark.

Background   The term ‘acute facet syndrome’ is widely used and accepted amongst chiropractors, but poorly described in the literature, as most of the present literature relates to chronic facet joint pain. Therefore, research into the degree of consensus on the subject amongst a large group of chiropractic practitioners was seen to be a useful contribution.

Methods   During the annual congress of The European Chiropractors Union (ECU) in 2008, the authors conducted a workshop involving volunteer chiropractors. Topics were decided upon in advance, and the participants were asked to form into groups of four or five. The groups were asked to reach consensus on several topics relating to a basic case of a forty-year old man, where an assumption was made that his pain originated from the facet joints. First, the participants were asked to agree on a maximum of three keywords on each of four topics relating to the presentation of pain: 1. location, 2. severity, 3. aggravating factors, and 4. relieving factors. Second, the groups were asked to agree on three orthopaedic and three chiropractic tests that would aid in diagnosing pain from the facet joints. Finally, they were asked to agree on the number, frequency and duration of chiropractic treatment.

Results   Thirty-four chiropractors from nine European countries participated. They described the characteristics of an acute, uncomplicated facet syndrome as follows: local, ipsilateral pain, occasionally extending into the thigh with pain and decreased range of motion in extension and rotation both standing and sitting. They thought that the pain could be relieved by walking, lying with knees bent, using ice packs and taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and aggravated by prolonged standing or resting. They also stated that there would be no signs of neurologic involvement or antalgic posture and no aggravation of pain from sitting, flexion or coughing/sneezing.