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Tone as a Health Concept: An Analysis

By |February 19, 2018|Chiropractic Care|

Tone as a Health Concept: An Analysis

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2017 (Nov); 29: 27–34

Donald McDowall, Elizabeth Emmanuel, Sandra Grace, Marilyn Chaseling

School of Health and Human Sciences,
Gold Coast, Southern Cross University,
Lismore, NSW, Australia

STUDY DESIGN:   Concept analysis.

INTRODUCTION:   This paper is a report on the analysis of the concept of tone in chiropractic.

PURPOSE:   The purpose of this paper is to clarify the concept of tone as originally understood by Daniel David Palmer from 1895 to 1914 and to monitor its evolution over time.

METHODS:   Data was sourced from Palmer’s original work, published between 1895 and 1914. A literature search from 1980 to 2016 was also performed on the online databases CINHAL, PubMed and Scopus with key terms including ‘tone’, ‘chiropractic’, ‘Palmer’, ‘vitalism’, ‘health’, ‘homeostasis’, ‘holism’ and ‘wellness’. Finally hand-searches were conducted through chiropractic books and professional literature from 1906 to 1980 for any references to ‘tone’. Rodgers’ evolutionary method of analysis was used to categorise the data in relation to the surrogates, attributes, references, antecedents and consequences of tone.

RESULTS:   A total of 49 references were found: five from publications by Palmer; three from the database searches, and; the remaining 41 from professional books, trade journals and websites.

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Sustained Improvement of Heart Rate Variability in Patients Undergoing a Program of Chiropractic Care

By |January 14, 2018|Chiropractic Care|

Sustained Improvement of Heart Rate Variability in Patients Undergoing a Program of Chiropractic Care:
A Retrospective Case Series

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Chiropractic Journal of Australia 2018; 45 (4): 338–358

Amy Louise Haas, PhD, DC, David Russell, BSc (Psych), BSc (Chiro), Cert TT

Private Practice,
Nashua, NH, USA

Objective:   The purpose of this study was to report the sustained changes in heart rate variability (HRV) observed in 6 patients undergoing continuous chiropractic care for the correction of vertebral subluxations.

Clinical Features:   Six patients between 25 to 55 years of age all presented with primarily musculoskeletal complaints for chiropractic care in a private practice setting. All patients were nonsmokers with no reported cardiac pathology. All patients were initially assessed for indicators of vertebral subluxation before being accepted for chiropractic care, and were monitored for changes in HRV scores over time.

Intervention and Outcomes:   Chiropractic care, using Diversified and Thompson techniques to correct vertebral subluxations, was provided for an initial period of 10 to 52 weeks at a frequency of 2 to 3 visits per week. HRV, measured by SSDN, increased over the early part of their course of chiropractic care, and these increases were sustained whilst the patient remained under long term continuous care in all 6 patients. Improvements in SDNN ranged from 50% to greater than 300% as compared to pre-care values.


Conservative Care of Pediatric Acquired Torticollis: A Report of 2 Cases

By |November 9, 2017|Acquired Torticollis, Chiropractic Care|

Conservative Care of Pediatric Acquired Torticollis:
A Report of 2 Cases

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   J Chiropr Med. 2017 (Sep);   16 (3):   252-256

Morgan D. Young, DC, Jessie L. Young, DC

Research Department,
Palmer College of Chiropractic West,
San Jose, California.

OBJECTIVE:   The purpose of this case report is to describe the conservative management of 2 cases of acquired torticollis in children under 3 years of age.

CLINICAL FEATURES:   Both patients awoke with painful, stiff, twisted necks the day after play in a bouncy house. Range of motion was limited, and hypertonic muscles were palpated. Their neurologic and physical evaluation was consistent with a diagnosis of acquired torticollis of musculoskeletal origin.

INTERVENTION AND OUTCOMES:   Both children were treated with chiropractic care that consisted of light myofascial release, use of an Activator instrument, and home stretching. Patients improved in pain and range of motion immediately posttreatment and returned to normal ranges in 1 or 2 visits.


Regular Use of Medication for Musculoskeletal Pain and Risk of Long-term Sickness Absence

By |October 31, 2017|Chiropractic Care, Chronic Pain|

Regular Use of Medication for Musculoskeletal Pain and Risk of Long-term Sickness Absence: A Prospective Cohort Study Among the General Working Population

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Eur J Pain. 2017 (Feb); 21 (2): 366–373

E. Sundstrup, M.D. Jakobsen, S.V. Thorsen, L.L. Andersen

National Research Centre for the Working Environment,
Copenhagen, Denmark.

Physical Activity and Human Performance group, SMI,
Department of Health Science and Technology,
Aalborg University, Denmark.

BACKGROUND:   The aim was to determine the prospective association between use of pain medication – due to musculoskeletal pain in the low back, neck/shoulder and hand/wrist – and long-term sickness absence.

METHODS:   Cox-regression analysis was performed to estimate the prospective association between regular use of pain medication and long-term sickness absence (LTSA; at least 6 consecutive weeks) among 9,544 employees from the general working population (Danish Work Environment Cohort Study 2010) and free from LTSA during 2009-2010. The fully adjusted model was controlled for age, gender, body mass index, smoking, leisure physical activity, job group, physical activity at work, psychosocial work environment, pain intensity, mental health and chronic disease.

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Use of Integrative Medicine in the
United States Military Health System

By |October 29, 2017|Chiropractic Care, Integrative Medicine|

Use of Integrative Medicine in the
United States Military Health System

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Evid Based Comp Alternat Med. 2017 (Jun 13)

Cathaleen Madsen, Megan Vaughan, and
Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,
Bethesda, MD, USA.

Integrative medicine (IM) is a model of care which uses both conventional and nonconventional therapies in a “whole person” approach to achieve optimum mental, physical, emotional, spiritual, and environmental health, and is increasingly popular among patients and providers seeking to relieve chronic or multifactorial conditions. The US Department of Defense (DoD) shows particular interest in and usage of IM for managing chronic conditions including the signature “polytrauma triad” of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among its beneficiaries in the Military Health System (MHS).

These modalities range from conventional nondrug, nonsurgical options such as cognitive-behavioral therapy to nonconventional options such as acupuncture, chiropractic, and mind-body techniques. These are of particular interest for their potential to relieve symptoms without relying on opiates, which impair performance and show high potential for abuse while often failing to provide full relief.

This review describes the use of IM in the MHS, including definitions of the model, common therapies and potential for use, and controversy surrounding the practice. More research is needed to build a comprehensive usage analysis, which in turn will inform sound clinical and financial practice for the MHS and its beneficiaries.

From the FULL TEXT Article:


Integrative medicine (IM) is a current healthcare paradigm which promotes a “whole person” approach to health through coordinated use of appropriate therapies originating both inside and outside of conventional medicine. Though often conflated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), changes in the definition of these terms make this conflation technically inaccurate.

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Recommendations to the Musculoskeletal Health Network

By |September 14, 2017|Chiropractic Care, Spinal Pain|

Recommendations to the Musculoskeletal Health Network, Health Department of Western Australia related to the Spinal Pain Model of Care made on behalf of the Chiropractors Association of Australia (Western Australian Branch)

The Chiro.Org Blog

SOURCE:   Topics in Integrative Health Care 2014 (Jun 30); 5 (2)

Lyndon G. Amorin-Woods, BAppSci(Chiropractic),
Gregory F. Parkin-Smith, MTech(Chiro), MBBS, MSc, DrHC,
Vern Saboe, DC, DACAN, FACO,
Anthony L. Rosner, Ph.D., LL.D.[Hon.], LLC

The 2009 Spinal Model of Care published by the Western Australian Health Department via the Musculoskeletal Health Network would benefit from an update. Best-evidence synthesis and cost-risks-benefits estimations suggest that such guidelines should provide:

(1)   the early assessment of patients with non-malignant spinal pain (particularly low back) by a musculoskeletal clinician, be it a chiropractor, musculoskeletal physician, osteopath or musculoskeletal physiotherapist with referral within the early stages of the disorder; and

(2)   the provision of manipulative therapy, where indicated, as a first-line treatment while also providing rehabilitation, health promotion, and contemporary wellness/wellbeing management with the intention of avoiding chronicity.

Emerging workforce capacity suggests that early assessment and evidence-based management of non-malignant spinal pain is feasible, leading to better patient outcomes. The authors and the association are hopeful that providing this submission in open access may prove useful for advocates of the chiropractic profession in other jurisdictions.

From the FULL TEXT Article:


The importance of addressing spinal pain in the Australian community in a cost effective and clinically appropriate manner is illustrated in a series of studies emerging from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 Project. [1] It is well-known that musculoskeletal conditions, such as low back pain, neck pain and arthritis, affect more than 1.7 billion people worldwide and are set to become more prevalent with a growing, ageing, developed world population. [2] Australian chiropractors may occupy a pivotal role in the cost effective management of these clinical presentations.

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