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Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction in Infants Presenting for Chiropractic Care in Norway

By |November 17, 2017|Musculoskeletal Dysfunction|

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction in Infants Presenting for Chiropractic Care in Norway: A Cross-sectional Study

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   J Clin Chiropractic Pediatrics 2017 (Sep); 16(1): 1355

Catherin Alvestad Slettebo, DC, MSc, Joyce E. Miller, DC, PhD

AECC University,
Bournemouth, UK


Background:   Musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries are common though considered under-recognized at birth. There are no gold standard routines for examination of the musculoskeletal system in infants, and very little research that investigates clinical examination and MSK findings in infants under the age of six months.

Objectives:   The objectives were to determine the prevalence of neck dysfunction, postural spine problems, and their possible association with parent reported behavioral problems such as suboptimal breastfeeding and supine sleeping in infants younger than six months of age. The aim of this study was to observe any associations between MSK problems of infancy and common behavioral and public health issues. Methods: This is a cross sectional questionnaire based observational study in a clinical population. Mothers of infants presented to chiropractic clinics in Norway filled in a questionnaire on the first visit, and this was followed by a clinical examination and questionnaire completed by the Doctors of Chiropractic on the same day.

Results:   In total, 90 infants enrolled in the study. A total of 56 infants (66%) had postural problems. Favorite side of cervical rotation (N=41; 75%) was the most common dysfunction in supine lying. Neck hyperextension was present in 21 infants (38%). The inability to rotate their head equally side to side was present in 49 children (54%). In total 22 (24%) of the infants did not have the ability to sleep or lie comfortably supine. Suboptimal breastfeeding was reported by 22 (25%) parents, and 10 (12%) of the mothers reported pain during feeding. TMJ imbalance was identified in 16 infants (19%). There were statistically significant associations between suboptimal breastfeeding and TMJ imbalance, suboptimal rooting/sucking reflexes, inability to turn head and neck equally and painful breastfeeding, respectively.

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A Regional Interdependence Model of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction

By |April 25, 2017|Musculoskeletal Dysfunction|

A Regional Interdependence Model of Musculoskeletal Dysfunction:
Research, Mechanisms, and Clinical Implications

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   J Man Manip Ther. 2013 (May); 21 (2): 90-102

Derrick G Sueki, Joshua A Cleland,
and Robert S Wainner

Department of Physical Therapy,
Mount St Mary’s College,
Los Angeles, CA, USA.


The term regional interdependence or RI has recently been introduced into the vernacular of physical therapy and rehabilitation literature as a clinical model of musculoskeletal assessment and intervention. The underlying premise of this model is that seemingly unrelated impairments in remote anatomical regions of the body may contribute to and be associated with a patient’s primary report of symptoms. The clinical implication of this premise is that interventions directed at one region of the body will often have effects at remote and seeming unrelated areas.

The formalized concept of RI is relatively new and was originally derived in an inductive manner from a variety of earlier publications and clinical observations. However, recent literature has provided additional support to the concept. The primary purpose of this article will be to further refine the operational definition for the concept of RI, examine supporting literature, discuss possible clinically relevant mechanisms, and conclude with a discussion of the implications of these findings on clinical practice and research.

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