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Stabilizing The Pelvis, Using the Modified Kemps and Straight Leg Raise Tests And Post-isometric Relaxation (PIR)

By |January 7, 2012|Modified Kemp's test, Orthopedic Tests, Pelvic Stability, Post-isometric Relaxation, Straight Leg Raise|

Stabilizing The Pelvis, Using the Modified Kemps and Straight Leg Raise Tests And Post-isometric Relaxation (PIR)

The Chiro.Org Blog


SOURCE:   Chiro.Org’s Low Back Pain Page


Dr. Leonard Faye reminds us in Chapter 6 of Schafer’s text “Motion Palpation” that:

“In all low-back pain cases, it is essential to test for hamstring, quadriceps, and psoas length.”

The picture on the left displays the positioning for the Modified Thomas Test. This test is is a very effective way to assess the length of 2 different muscles.

When the patient holds their knee to their chest, the following 2 things should become immediately apparent:

  1. If the psoas is of normal length, then the dependent thigh should be free to hang down 45° below the plane of the table. In this picture, the patient’s right psoas is significantly shortened.
  2. If the quadriceps are of normal length, the angle of the knee (between thigh and leg) should approximate 90°

If the psoas is shortened, it pulls the thigh into (some degree of) flexion, so the thigh cannot fully extend. This shortens your gait. Recalling that the origin of the psoas includes the lower thoracic vertebra, the lumbar segments I-IV, and the neighboring intervertebral discs, you can see why shortness would destabilize the lumbar and pelvic joints. Also… if the psoas is in contraction, the gluts may become inhibited by reciprocal inhibition.

If the quadriceps are shortened, it draws the leg into extension. Because portions of the quads originate on the pelvis, a shortened quads also distorts normal pelvic motion. (more…)