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Published online 2007 Oct 24. doi:  10.1186/1475-2891-6-30

Table 3

Dietary supplement usage patterns of long-term users of multiple dietary supplements (Multiple Supp users).

Dietary supplement typeAverage daily usage% of women who were daily users% of men who were daily users
Multivitamin/mineral (with or without iron)*89.584.7
Vitamin C1000 mg/d86.480.3
Vitamin E (d-alpha tocopherol and mixed tocopherols)800 IU/d79.074.4
Flavonoids (from a variety of sources)362 mg/d86.452.1
Calcium with vitamin D§81.568.4
Zinc15 mg/d48.255.6
Lecithin3.1 g/d71.666.7
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, leaf)2.85 g/d75.970.9
Garlic (Allium sativum, clove)1 g/d49.454.7
Omega-3 fatty acids (from fish oil)1000 mg/d81.573.5
Coenzyme Q10 with resveratrol#69.864.1
Soy protein isolate14 g/d46.955.6
Glucosamine hydrochloride1500 mg/d59.357.3
Saw palmetto extract (Serenoa repens, berry)320 mg/d1.967.5
Gamma linolenic acid (from borage seed oil)180 mg/d62.435.0
Probiotic supplement (from Bifidobacterium longum and Lactobacillus acidophilus)††50.032.5
Herbal immune supplement‡‡60.558.1

*35–200% of the Daily Value for 25 vitamin and minerals and also includes 5 trace minerals.

200–2700% of the Daily Value for 8 B vitamins.

5000 IU/d vitamin A as beta carotene, 5 mg/d lycopene, 5 mg/d lutein, 1.5 mg/d alpha carotene, 200 mcg/d zeaxanthin, 400 mcg/d astaxanthin.

§1500 mg/d calcium, 600 IU/d vitamin D, 600 mcg/d vitamin K, 600 mg/d magnesium, and <15% of the Daily value for zinc, copper, and manganese.

#30 mg/d coenzyme Q10 and 640 mcg/d resveratrol.

††250 million/d Bifidobacterium longum and 250 million/d Lactobacillus acidophilus.

‡‡500 mg/d plant extracts from pumpkin seed (Curcubita moschata), safflower flower (Carthamus tinctorius), asian plantain seed (Plantago asiatica), Japanese honeysuckle flower (Lonicera japonica).

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