Table 3

Effect of High vs Low Fiber Intake on the Incidence of Developing Coronary Heart Disease

Meta-analysis Authors, YearNo. of Studies in Meta-analysisNo. of Participants in Meta-analysisMain Findings of Meta-analysisQ Test P ValueI2 StatisticEgger or Begg Test P ValueQuality Assessment and Outcome
Pereira et al, 200424,a9306 064RR = 0.91,bP = .005NSNR

Threapleton et al, 20132312NRRR = 0.91,cP < .001NS33%NRNOS
10/12 high quality

Wu et al, 20142516561 756RR = 0.93, P < .001NS0%NSNOS
13/16 high quality

Kim and Je, 2016278500 672RR = 0.76, P < .05NS40%NS4/8 high quality

NOS, Newcastle-Ottawa scale; NR, not reported; NS, not significant; RR, relative risk.

aLow-quality score on the Critical Appraisal Checklist for Systematic Reviews.
b10 g/d.
c7 g/d.
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