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PMC full text:
Natl Health Stat Report. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2015 Sep 8.
Published in final edited form as:
Natl Health Stat Report. 2015 Feb 10; (78): 1–19.

Table 2

Age-adjusted percentages of children aged 4–17 years who used any complementary health approaches during the past 12 months, by selected characteristics: United States, 2007 and 2012

Any complementary health approach use1
p value for
across years
Selected characteristic20072012
Total12.0 (0.54)11.6 (0.46)
Boys10.5 (0.77)9.7 (0.56)
Girls13.5 (0.69)13.5 (0.67)
Age (years)3
4–119.8 (0.67)9.3 (0.53)
12–1715.0 (0.86)14.7 (0.75)
Hispanic origin and race
Hispanic8.2 (0.87)6.1 (0.54)
Non-Hispanic white, single race14.7 (0.82)14.9 (0.70)
Non-Hispanic black or African American, single race5.5 (0.84)5.5 (0.77)
Non-Hispanic all other races 13.6 (1.62)14.2 (1.50)
Parent’s education4
Less than high school diploma4.1 (0.74)2.1 (0.43)
High school diploma or GED58.1 (0.89)6.9 (0.77)
More than high school15.2 (0.76)15.0 (0.62)
Poverty status6
Poor7.0 (0.96)5.7 (0.69)
Near poor8.5 (0.95)9.1 (0.81)
Not poor14.9 (0.80)14.8 (0.67)
Health insurance7
Private14.1 (0.73)14.6 (0.66)
Public8.1 (0.76)7.6 (0.55)
Uninsured10.4 (1.44)8.4 (1.20)
Difference is not statistically significant.
p value less than 0.01.
1Complementary health approach definition was a “yes” response to chelation therapy; nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplements; vegetarian or vegan diet; macrobiotic diet; Atkins diet; Pritikin diet; Ornish diet; acupuncture; Ayurveda; homeopathic treatment; naturopathy; Native American or Medicine Man; Shaman; Curandero, Machi, or Parchero; Yerbero or Hierbista; Sobador; Huesero; chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation; massage; Feldenkrais; Alexander technique; Pilates; Trager psychophysical integration; biofeedback; mantra meditation; Transcendental Meditation; relaxation; clinically standard meditation; spiritual meditation; guided imagery; progressive relaxation; yoga, tai chi, or qi gong (with deep breathing); hypnosis; and energy healing.
2The denominator used in the calculation of percentages was all sample children.
3Estimates for age groups are not age-adjusted.
4Refers to the education level of the parent with the higher level of education, regardless of that parent’s age.
5GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.
6Based on family income and family size using the U.S. Census Bureau’s poverty thresholds for the previous calendar year. “Poor” persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. “Near poor” persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. “Not poor” persons have incomes that are 200% of the poverty threshold or greater.
7Based on a hierarchy of mutually exclusive categories. Children with more than one type of health insurance were assigned to the first appropriate category in the hierarchy. “Uninsured” includes children who had no coverage as well as those who had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care.

NOTES: Estimates are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. Estimates are age-adjusted using the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population and using two age groups: 4–11 and 12–17.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2007, 2012.

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