Table 1.

Chiropractic Techniques Commonly Utilized in the Chiropractic Care of Children

Diversified techniqueSMT characterized as high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) thrusts to sites of spinal and extraspinal dysfunctional articulations.
Activator methodsA handheld, spring-loaded instrument that delivers a site-specific low-force-type thrust to spinal and extraspinal dysfunctional articulations.
Thompson techniqueA variation of the Diversified technique that utilizes a special table with several “drop-piece” segments. When the thrust is delivered, the table “drops” a small distance. The drop pieces assist the thrust while minimizing the force used for the delivery of SMT.
Craniosacral techniqueNot a chiropractic technique per se but a manual therapy that applies a sustained and prolonged force (non-HVLA) to correct cranial segmental dysfunction.
Gonstead techniqueDeveloped by Clarence Gonstead, D.C., this is a segment-specific HVLA-type thrust technique that incorporates the use of X-ray analysis (spinography), and temperature gradient instrumentation (i.e., nervoscope) to assist in the clinical decision-making (i.e., what spinal segment(s) in location sites of spinal segmental dysfunction).
Sacro-occipital techniqueDeveloped by Major Bertrand DeJarnette, D.C., this is a category system of analysis and treatment to remove body distortions.
Chiropractic biophysicsDeveloped by Don Harrison, D.C., this utilizes manual techniques in addition to drop table, hand-held instruments, exercises, and traction to correct segmental as well as global postural distortions.

SMT, spinal manipulative therapy.