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Published online 2006 Aug 21. doi:  10.1186/1746-1340-14-15

Table 4

Scoliosis Quality of Life Index pre – post.

Group, patient #PRE self-esteemPOST self-esteemPRE back painPOST back painPRE physical activityPOST physical activityPRE moods feelingsPOST moods feelingsPRE globalPOST globalPOST therapy satisfaction
All scales are scored from zero (most pain, worst function, etc.) to 100 (no pain, best function, etc.);
medical = standard medical care;
sham = standard medical care plus sham manipulation;
chiropractic = standard medical care plus chiropractic manipulation.

Note: The post-test for medical patient number one (medical-1) occurred after spinal surgery and is not applicable to this study;
medical patient number two (medical-2) was not asked the satisfaction question, because no "active" therapy was applied;
and medical patient number three (medical-3) was braced.