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Published online 2019 Mar 5. doi: 10.1136/bmj.l689

Fig 3

Standardised mean difference for improvement in function at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months for spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) versus recommended therapies in review of the effects of SMT for chronic low back pain. Pooled standardised mean differences calculated by DerSimonian-Laird random effects model. See supplementary file for more detailed graphic