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Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

Table 1.

Return to:   A Model of Integrative Care for Low-back Pain

Baseline Characteristics for All Participants by Intervention Group: Integrative Care (IC) by Usual Care (UC)

CharacteristicIC (n=14)UC (n=6)
Mean age in years (SD)47.2 (9.1)48.0 (8.0)
Female7 (50%)4 (67%)
White12 (86%)4 (67%)
Hispanic2 (14%)1 (17%)
Prior LBP9 (64%)4 (67%)
Worker Compensation5 (36%)0 (0%)
Income
 $25–50K3 (23%)2 (33%)
 $50–75K4 (29%)2 (33%)
>$75K6 (46%)2 (33%)
Education
 High School grad3 (21%)1 (17%)
 College grad7 (50%)2 (33%)
 Graduate degree4 (29%)3 (50%)
Mean baseline outcome measures (SD)
 Expectation of improvement in 12 weeks for this episode of LBP (0 [no improvement] to 10 [complete recovery])8.7 (1.6)8.2 (1.5)
 Function: Modified Roland Disability Questionnaire a15.7 (5.8)16.0 (6.7)
 (0–23 scale, 23=worst)
 Symptoms: bothersomeness of worst symptomb,c6.2 (1.8)7.2 (2.6)
 (LBP, sciatica, numbness)
 (0=not bothersome, 10=extremely bothersome)
 Paind4.8 (1.6)5.7 (3.1)
 (0=no pain, 10=severe pain)
 Difficulty with the worst of 3 self-reported activitiese9.0 (1.1)8.8 (1.0)
 (0=no difficulty, 10=extremely difficult)
 Worry or concern about LBPf6.3 (1.9)6.7 (2.8)
 (0=no worry, 10=extremely worried)
 Physical SF-12 subscale32.5 (5.7)36.6 (4.8)
 (0–100 scale: higher score indicates better function)
 Mental SF-12 subscale48.9 (9.3)47.0 (14.5)
 (0–100 scale: higher score indicates better function)
 Days in bed in the last week0.7 (2.0)2.5 (2.9)
 Days work/school missed in the last week2.2 (2.7)3.3 (2.9)
 Days activities reduced in the last week4.1 (2.9)4.8 (2.9)
 Percent rating initial UC care for LBP as “excellent”1 (8%)2 (40%)
aAverage Roland scores over 16 indicate moderate to high levels of pain and dysfunction.
bSymptom bothersomeness scores of 8 or higher indicate moderate to high levels of pain and dysfunction.
cUsing a scale from 0 to10, with 0 being not at all bothersome and 10 being extremely bothersome, how bothersome was your low-back pain and/or sciatica in the past week?
dUsing a scale from 0 to 10, with 0 being no pain and 10 being “worst pain ever,” how bad is your low-back pain and/or sciatica in the past week?
eAll participants were asked, “Your (first/second/third) activity was ________. Using a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is not at all difficult and 10 is extremely difficult, please rate how difficult this activity is to perform.”
fUsing a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 is “no worry” and 10 is “extremely worried,” how would you rate your worry or concern about your low-back pain and/or sciatica today?

SD, standard deviation; LBP, low-back pain; SF-12, Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form.