|Come satisfy your intellectual curiosity,
challenge your thinking and
reinforce with objective evidence
some of the amazing results
you see in your office
Saturday, October 9
What is the cost of this program?
Student...................$25 *After October 1, 1999, the cost for D.C.s is $225 each. Make checks payable to: Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic
Why Come?The thrill of learning something new, or gaining new insight into something you do every day, is one of the most rewarding outcomes of intellectual discourse. Here, field D.C.s will present fascinating scientific information within the context of how it applies to practice. Special sessions will review research methods that can be used to collect data from your own patients.You will learn the latest information about subluxation measures, how to demonstrate the effectiveness of care and methods of researching the effects of vertebral subluxation and hear from Robert Leach, D.C., author of the widely used textbook The Chiropractic Theories.
Courtyard by Marriott-864-585-2400
License Renewal Credit
Continuing Education Department, 800-849-8771, ext. 1229, for specific state details.
Directions to Sherman CollegeFrom Greenville: Take I-85 North, follow the bypass toward Charlotte. Take Exit 72-Inman and Spartanburg. Turn left onto 176 toward Inman. At the first traffic light, turn right onto Springfield Rd. Sherman College is approximately 1-1/2 miles on the right. The Chiropractic Health Center is at street level and the Administrative Building is on top of the hill, where visitor parking is available.From Charlotte: Take I-85 South, follow the bypass toward Greenville. Take Exit 72-Inman and Spartanburg. Turn right onto 176 toward Inman. At the first traffic light, turn right onto Springfield Rd. Sherman College is approximately 1-1/2 miles on the right. The Chiropractic Health Center is at street level and the Administrative Building is on top of the hill, where visitor parking is available.
How do I register for this seminar?For fax or mail registration, click hereTo register by phone call 800-849-8771, ext. 1229For more information, email firstname.lastname@example.org
FUNCTION TESTING OF UPPER CERVICAL MOTOR UNITS
Michael J. Clemen D.C.
Background: Chiropractic literature views the dysfunction of the upper cervical motor unit as the component of the Subluxation Complex that is directly addressed by the specific adjustment. Methods for accurately assessing the function of upper cervical motor units immediately before and after adjustment interventions, allow the practitioner to be more precise in achieving the most desirable treatment outcomes. Objective: This discussion describes an analysis method that combines computerized compliance testing with motion palpation procedures. The purpose is to demonstrate how it is possible to correlate findings of the two testing procedures to determine probable level, side, and vectors of fixation. A flow chart is developed to help integrate this method into individual technique systems.Discussion: The computerized compliance instrument and the method in which information is collected is described. The examiner accepts the computer data for level and side of involvement as accurate. Motion palpation is used as a manual compliance test to analyze other fixation vectors.Conclusions: Computerized compliance testing has a high degree of inter- and intra-examiner repeatability. It may be used with standard methods of motion palpation to evaluate and monitor the kinetic component of the VSC. The findings may be combined, resulting in a fixation subluxation listing based on movement dysfunction. Further studies in this area may lead to correlation with x-ray listings used in various techniques. With computerized recording and storage of data, this system delivers reliable outcome assessment that is in line with classical chiropractic concepts.
Reliability and Validity of Muscle Palpation as an indicator of Subluxation in the Upper Cervical SpineJoe Donofrio, DC, Nick Spano, DC and Ed Owens, DCSherman College is engaged in research to develop objective measures of vertebral subluxation. Muscle palpation is a technique taught in the curriculum and used routinely in the Sherman College health center, but has not been well validated as a subluxation measure. The specific aims of this study will be to:
Applied Wave Motion into Semifluid Tissue
7110 S. Mingo Rd. Ste. 107
Tulsa, Ok 74133
Computerized Fixation Imaging (CFI) findings compared to X-ray analysis.
Sense Technology Inc.
3251 Old Frankstown Rd.
Pittsburgh PA 15239
Comparison of Upper Cervical X-ray Listings to Upper Cervical Palpation Listings
Sherman College of Straight ChiropracticABSTRACT
Baseline Characteristics of Chiropractic Patients: Correlation of Anatometer Readings with Supine Leg Length Inequality.
Roger Hinson, DC
Omar Elsangek, MBBCh
Susan Brown PhD, DC
G. T. Verzosa, DC
Deana Burd, BA
The Influence of Upper Cervical Subluxation on Mental Function
A Neuro-Muscular Model for SubluxationGary A. Knutson, DCThis presentation seeks to describe a neuro-muscular model of vertebral subluxation based on nociception and reflex muscle contraction causing misalignment, asymmetry of motion, relative fixation and associated pain. In the upper cervical spine, this new neuro-muscular model is proposed to involve abnormal stimulation of tonic neck reflexes producing the postural distortions - leg length inequality, pelvic unleveling and foot rotations - associated with atlas subluxation. While the neuro-muscular guarding reaction to nociception (nocifensive reflex) is well suited to explain acute subluxation, shortcomings of the nociceptive model - healing of injured tissues and the fatigue of nociception and muscle contraction - become evident when considering subluxation as a chronic phenomenon. Unique aspects of muscle physiology will be explored as potential explanations for chronic subluxation. These properties of muscle include: thixotropy, which is the tendency of actin and myosin filaments to stick together during periods of inactivity; post contraction sensory discharge, which describes increased muscle spindle output after active contraction; critical force contraction which is the point at which the muscle demands for energy and waste removal is in equilibrium with vascular supply; and the cerebellar memory of prior nocifensive events. The neuro-muscular model as applied to atlas subluxation will be shown to explain clinically noted findings of specific upper cervical practice. These include misalignment as seen on x-ray, relative fixation, the predominance of anterior rotation of the atlas in subluxation, the need for specificity of line-of-drive in correction, the relationship between misalignment and postural distortion, long term muscular contractions causing postural distortion and the stability of a misalignment or listing over time. It is hoped that this review of neuro-muscular physiology and its application to models of acute and chronic subluxation will aid in solving the complex puzzle that is vertebral subluxation. Key Words: Atlas subluxation, neuro-muscular model, nociception, flexion reflex, tonic neck reflexes, thixotropy, post contraction sensory discharge, critical force muscle contraction
INSTRUMENT CERVICAL ADJUSTINGBy Cecil D. Laney, D.C.In Dr. B.J. Palmer's research, he came to the conclusion that a subluxation could only occur in the cervical area. If one accepts that concept, he must search for the procedure that efficiently corrects the cervical misalignment.The procedure developed by Dr. John F. Grostic has been proven to be the most successful in not only the cervical correction, but in proving the performance with post-x-rays. Dr. Grostic's method consisted of establishing an adjustment vector, or path through space, for each and every conceivable misalignment. The vector was established by calculating certain anatomical and misalignment factors.The problem was the fact that very few doctors could develop the skills necessary to send force down the desired vector. This led a few doctors to come to the conclusion that the procedure had flaws that needed changing, and they proceeded to establish various modifications or radical changes. Some of these procedures were so different from the original Grostic procedure that it is not recognizable. None have proven to be as efficient as a skillful adjuster using the Grostic vector.Since the accurate adjusting force is so difficult to achieve, and since the objective is to deliver force down a desired path, it is logical that an instrument can be built to perform the task. Many doctors have developed adjusting instruments with varying degrees of success. The most successful have been those who have stayed with or close to the Grostic adjustment vector.The advantages of instruments are many. The doctor doesn't have to have supreme athletic skills to send force down the desired vector. Instruments can be utilized by doctors with certain disabilities. The adjustment can be precisely duplicated.The latest adjusting instrument is the one developed for Life University. It is designed to utilize the Grostic procedure, and will deliver force that theoretically would be delivered by a perfect Grostic hand-adjustment, which includes the function that hand-torque delivers.
Vertebral Subluxation Complex:Overview of the Model and Historical Development
Director of Research
Life Chiropractic College West
San Lorenzo CA
The Mears Technique
31 Locke Drive,
Time-Series Analysis: A Research Method for Field Practitioners
Director of Research
Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic
USING CHIROPRACTIC ATLAS ORTHOGONAL TECHNIQUE(AOT)STRUCTURAL SUBLUXATIONS CAUSED BY ATLAS KINEMATIC DISPLACEMENT(AKD)
Matthew H. Sweat, B.A. D.C.,B.C.A.0.
CARDIOVASCULAR FUNCTION AND CHIROPRACTIC CARE
232 Andover road
Rayne, LA 70578