BENEFICIAL EFFECTS OF DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID ON COGNITION IN AGE-RELATED COGNITIVE DECLINE
 
   

Beneficial Effects of Docosahexaenoic Acid
on Cognition in Age-related Cognitive Decline

This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:
   Frankp@chiro.org
 
   

FROM:   Alzheimers Dement. 2010 (Nov);   6 (6):   456464

Karin Yurko-Mauro, Deanna McCarthy, Dror Rom, Edward B. Nelson,
Alan S. Ryan, Andrew Blackwell, Norman Salem Jr., Mary Stedmand

Clinical Research Department,
Martek Biosciences Corporation,
Columbia, MD, USA.


BACKGROUND:   Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) plays an important role in neural function. Decreases in plasma DHA are associated with cognitive decline in healthy elderly adults and in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Higher DHA intake is inversely correlated with relative risk of Alzheimer's disease. The potential benefits of DHA supplementation in age-related cognitive decline (ARCD) have not been fully examined.

OBJECTIVE:   Determine effects of DHA administration on improving cognitive functions in healthy older adults with ARCD.

METHODS:   Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, clinical study was conducted at 19 U.S. clinical sites. A total of 485 healthy subjects, aged >/=55 with Mini-Mental State Examination >26 and a Logical Memory (Wechsler Memory Scale III) baseline score >/=1 standard deviation below younger adults, were randomly assigned to 900 mg/d of DHA orally or matching placebo for 24 weeks. The primary outcome was the CANTAB Paired Associate Learning (PAL), a visuospatial learning and episodic memory test.

RESULTS:   Intention-to-treat analysis demonstrated significantly fewer PAL six pattern errors with DHA versus placebo at 24 weeks (difference score, -1.63 +/- 0.76 [-3.1, -0.14, 95% CI], P = .03). DHA supplementation was also associated with improved immediate and delayed Verbal Recognition Memory scores (P < .02), but not working memory or executive function tests. Plasma DHA levels doubled and correlated with improved PAL scores (P < .02) in the DHA group. DHA was well tolerated with no reported treatment-related serious adverse events.

CONCLUSIONS:   Twenty-four week supplementation with 900 mg/d DHA improved learning and memory function in age-related cognitive decline and is a beneficial supplement that supports cognitive health with aging.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:   Clinicaltrials.gov, Identifier: NCT0027813


Return to the OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS Page

Return to the NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES & EFAs Page

Since 5-03-2010

                       © 19952021 ~ The Chiropractic Resource Organization ~ All Rights Reserved