Changes in Fatty Acid Composition, Platelet Aggregability and RBC Function in Elderly Subjects with Administration of Low-dose Fish Oil Concentrate and Comparison with Younger Subjects
 
   

Changes in Fatty Acid Composition, Platelet Aggregability
and RBC Function in Elderly Subjects with Administration
of Low–dose Fish Oil Concentrate and Comparison with Younger Subjects

This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:
   Frankp@chiro.org
 
   

FROM:   Ronen Igakkai Zasshi 1994 (Aug);   31 (8):   596–603


Anti–thrombotic and anti–atherogenic effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) through the modulation of various cell functions related to thrombogenesis have been reported recently. We previously reported that the administration of EPA at low doses could more effectively elevate the plasma EPA concentration in elderly subjects than in younger ones. Magnetic resonance imaging examination of the brain often reveals lacunar lesions in elderly subjects without any signs or symptoms of cerebrovascular diseases. In this study we clarified the effect of administration of low doses of fish oil concentrate on platelet and RBC function in elderly subjects, compared with younger subjects. Thirty six elderly subjects (mean age 78) without any signs or symptoms of cerebrovascular diseases, all receiving the same diet in the same lodging house for the aged, were divided into 3 groups. Different amounts of fish oil concentrate (0.25-0.5 g/day of EPA) were administered to the 3 groups, daily for more than 1 month. Changes of plasma fatty acid composition, platelet aggregability, whole blood viscosity and RBC deformability was examined before and after EPA administration. One month after EPA treatment, the plasma EPA content had increased dose dependently, with suppression of platelet aggregation and improvement of RBC function. In younger subjects receiving the same amount of EPA, the elevation of plasma EPA was less than that observed in the elderly. In summary, low dose EPA administration can improve the function of platelet and RBC to an anti–thrombotic state and would be useful to prevent the occurrence of cerebrovascular diseases in elderly subjects without any side effects.


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