Plasma Antioxidant Vitamins and Carotenoids in Five Japanese Populations with Varied Mortality from Gastric Cancer
 
   

Plasma Antioxidant Vitamins and Carotenoids
in Five Japanese Populations with Varied
Mortality from Gastric Cancer

This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:
   Frankp@chiro.org
 
   

FROM:   Nutr Cancer 1999;   34 (1):   5661

Tsubono Y; Tsugane S; Gey

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Division,
National Cancer Center Research Institute East,
Kashiwa, Japan.
ytsubono@hsph.harvard.edu


To examine the geographic associations between plasma antioxidant levels and gastric cancer risk, we conducted an ecological study in five regions of Japan representing the threefold variation in the disease mortality within the country. Subjects were 634 men aged 40-49 years sampled randomly from the five regions with 72% response rates. Plasma concentrations of five carotenoids (beta-carotene, alpha- carotene, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin), alpha-tocopherol, and ascorbic acid were measured, and the mean levels were correlated with age-adjusted mortality rates from gastric cancer. beta-Carotene and alpha-tocopherol were inversely correlated with gastric cancer rates (r = -0.31 and -0.89, respectively). alpha-Carotene and lycopene showed stronger inverse correlation than did beta- carotene (r = -0.67 and - 0.56, respectively), but these relations disappeared after the exclusion of one outlying region in Okinawa with the lowest mortality. In contrast, ascorbic acid revealed a negative correlation with the exclusion of this outlier (r = -0.61). Lutein and zeaxanthin were not inversely associated with risk. The results suggest that plasma levels of beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol, and possibly alpha-carotene, lycopene, and ascorbic acid, may partly account for the regional difference in gastric cancer mortality in Japan.


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