Measuring Musculoskeletal Pain in Infants,
Children, and Adolescents
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017 (Oct); 47 (10): 712–730~ FULL TEXT
To date, little research has been done to evaluate the use of measures designed for assessment of pain in infants, children, and adolescents outside the hospital setting. This constitutes an important evidence gap, given that primary care, community outpatient, and rehabilitation clinics have frequent contact with infants, children, and adolescents with pain. Though further work is needed, this paper provides clinicians with a pragmatic, evidence-based overview of scales that can be used to measure pain intensity in infants, children, and adolescents, with and without cognitive impairment, and to assess the impact of pain.